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Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose (sugar), is a serious health problem for those with diabetes. Hyperglycemia develops when there is too much sugar in the blood.   In people with diabetes, there are two specific types of hyperglycemia that occur:   Fasting hyperglycemia is defined as a blood sugar greater than 90-130 ...

Hypertension

High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Arteries are vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all the tissues and organs of the body.   High blood pressure does not mean excessive emotional tension, although emotional tension and stress can temporarily increase blood ...

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which an overactive thyroid gland is producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones that circulate in the blood. ("Hyper" means "over" in Greek). Thyrotoxicosis is a toxic condition that is caused by an excess of thyroid hormones from any cause.   Thyrotoxicosis can be caused ...

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone (a deficiency of thyroid hormone).   Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of hypothyroidism worldwide but it can be caused by other causes such as several conditions of the thyroid gland or, less commonly, the pituitary gland or ...

Infectious Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis, "mono", "kissing disease", and glandular fever are all terms popularly used for the very common illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV is a member of the herpesvirus family. The characteristic symptoms of infection with EBV include fever, fatigue, malaise, ...

Infertility

Infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying. Or, six months, if a woman is 35 or older. Women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile.   Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps.   To get pregnant: A woman must release an egg from one of ...

Anemia

Anemia describes the condition in which the number of red blood cells in the blood is low. For this reason, doctors sometimes describe someone with anemia as having a low blood count. A person who has anemia is called anemic.   Blood is comprised of two parts; a liquid part called the plasma and a cellular part. The cellular part ...

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder of unknown cause. Common symptoms include abdominal cramping or pain, bloating and gassiness, and altered bowel habits.   Irritable bowel syndrome has also been called spastic colon, functional bowel disease, and mucous colitis. However, IBS is not a true ...

IMS

Irritable male syndrome (IMS) is defined as a state of hypersensitivity, anxiety, frustration, and anger that occurs in males and is associated with biochemical changes, hormonal fluctuations, stress, and loss of male identity. This term covers symptoms thought to be caused by a drop in testosterone levels in male ...

Itching

Itch is an irritation in the skin that elicits an urge to scratch. Itches are a common problem and can be localized (limited to one area of the body) or generalized (occurring all over the body or in several different areas).   In some cases, itching may be worse at night. The medical term for itching is pruritus.   ...

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