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Fungal Nails

A fungal nail infection occurs when a fungus attacks a fingernail, a toenail, or the skin under the nail, called the nail bed.   Fungi (plural of fungus) can attack your nails through small cuts in the skin around your nail or through the opening between your nail and nail bed.   If you are healthy, a fungal nail infection ...

Gallstones

Gallstones (often misspelled as gall stones, or gall stone) are stones that form in the gall (bile) within the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ just below the liver that stores the bile secreted by the liver.   Bile is a watery liquid made by the cells of the liver that is important for digesting food in the ...

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a common, highly infectious disease caused by a virus. It is transmitted from one person to another during sexual activity.   Genital herpes causes blisters or groups of small ulcers (open sores) on and around the genitals in both men and women. Genital herpes cannot be cured; however, there are medications that can ...

Nephritis

Nephritis refers to inflammation of one or both kidneys. It can be caused by infection, but is most commonly caused by autoimmune disorders that affect the major organs.   For example, those with lupus are at a much higher risk for developing nephritis. In rare cases nephritis can be genetically inherited, though it may not present ...

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea (misspelled as ghonarea, ghonerea, ghoneria, ghonnerea, ghonoria, ghonorrea, gohnorea, gonaria, gonerea, gonnarea, gonneria, gonorrea, gonorrhea, and gonorrhoea, etc.) is a highly contagious sexually transmitted STD bacterial infection, sometimes referred to as the clap.   The nickname of the clap refers to a treatment that ...

Gout

Gout is a disease that results from an overload of uric acid in the body.   This overload of uric acid leads to the formation of tiny crystals of urate that deposit in tissues of the body, especially the joints. When crystals form in the joints, it causes recurring attacks of joint inflammation (arthritis). Gout is considered a ...

Gingivitis

Gingivitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, describes the events that begin with bacterial growth in your mouth and mayend - if not properly treated - with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.     What's the Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis? ...

Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is enlargement of the gland tissue of the male breast. During infancy, puberty, and in middle-aged to older men, gynecomastia can be common.   Gynecomastia must be distinguished from pseudogynecomastia, which refers to the presence of fat deposits in the breast area of obese men.   True gynecomastia results ...

Head Lice

Head lice are parasites that can be found on the heads of people. Infection with head lice is called pediculosis. (The head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is different from the lice that cause body and pubic-hair infections).   How common is head lice infestation?   Head lice infection is very common. ...

Headache

A Headache is defined as a pain in the head or upper neck. It is one of the most common locations of pain in the body and has many causes.   How are headaches classified?   Headaches have numerous causes, and in 2007 the International Headache Society agreed upon an updated classification system for headache. Because so ...

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