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Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself. This is incontrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain.   Encephalitis is generally a viral illness. Viruses such as those responsible for causing cold sores, mumps, measles and chickenpox can also cause encephalitis. A ...

Esophagitis

The esophagus is a muscular tube leading from the back of the throat into the stomach. Esophagitis is an inflammation of the lining of the esophagus, caused by infection or irritation of the inner lining (mucosa) of the tube.   Common symptoms include heartburn and painful swallowing. If undiagnosed or untreated, esophagitis can ...

Heartburn

Heartburn is an uncomfortable but common feeling of burning or warmth in the chest. Although the pain of heartburn is felt in the chest, heartburn has nothing to do with your heart. Instead, heartburn is caused by stomach acid.   Continual bouts of heartburn can be a symptom of a more serious condition calledgastroesophageal reflux ...

Fainting

Fainting, "blacking out", or syncope is the temporary loss of consciousness followed by the return to full wakefulness. This loss of consciousness may be accompanied by loss of muscle tone that can result in falling or slumping over. To better understand why fainting can occur; it is helpful to explain why somebody is awake.   ...

Flat Feet

Flat feet (also called pes planus or fallen arches) is a formal reference to a medical condition in which the arch of the foot collapses, with the entire soleof the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. In some individuals (an estimated 20–30% of the general population) the arch simply never develops in one ...

Folliculitis

Folliculitis occurs when hair follicles become infected, often with Staphylococcus aureus or other types of bacteria. Certain variations of folliculitis are also known as hot tub folliculitis and barber's itch. Severe infections can cause permanent hair loss and scarring, and even mild folliculitis can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. ...

Gangrene

Gangrene is a medical term used to describe the death of an area of the body. It develops when the blood supply is cut off  to the affected part as a result of various processes, such as infection, vascular (pertaining to blood vessels) disease, or trauma. Gangrene can involve any part of the body; the most common sites include the toes, ...

Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving the stomach, intestines, or both; usually resulting in diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea and possibly vomiting. Gastroenteritis is frequently termed "stomach flu" or "gastric flu" because the most frequent cause of gastroenteritis is viral. However, ...

Gastritis

Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining - known as the mucosa - is inflamed. The stomach lining contains special cells that produce acid and enzymes, which help break down food for digestion, and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid. When the stomach lining is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus. ...

Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to certain eye diseases that affect the optic nerve and cause vision loss. Most, but not all, of these diseases typically produce elevated pressure inside the eye, called intraocular pressure (IOP). Normal IOP is measured in millimeters of mercury and can range from 10-21 mm Hg. An elevated IOP is the most important risk factor ...

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