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Tennis Elbow

"Tennis elbow" is a common term for a condition caused by overuse of arm and forearm muscles that results in elbow pain. You don't have to play tennis to get this, but the term came into use because it can be a significant problem for some tennis players.   Tennis elbow is caused by either abrupt or subtle injury of the ...

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a disease in which cells become malignant (cancerous) in one or both testicles.   The testicles (also called testes or gonads) are a pair of male sex glands. They produce and store sperm and are the main source of testosterone (male hormones) in men. These hormones control the development of the reproductive ...

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is the process that results in a cavity (dental caries). It occurs when bacteria in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.   You can easily prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly, seeing your dentist for teeth ...

Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid gland is located low in the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple. The gland is shaped like a butterfly and wraps around the windpipe or trachea.   The two wings or lobes on either side of the windpipe are joined together by a bridge, called the isthmus, which crosses over the front of the windpipe.   ...

Tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. The disorder is named for Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, the pioneering French neurologist who in 1885 first described the condition in an 86-year-old French noblewoman.   The early ...

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) describes an infectious disease that has plagued humans since the Neolithic times. Two organisms cause tuberculosis - Mycobacteriumtuberculosis and Mycobacteriumbovis.   Physicians in ancient Greece called this illness "phthisis" to reflect its wasting character. During the 17th and 18th centuries, TB ...

Tremors

Tremors are non-intentional rhythmic movements of a body part, which are the result of alternating or irregular synchronous contractions of muscles that have an opposite effect on a joint. For example, muscles that, when contracted, result in flexion of the wrist are stimulated synchronously with muscles that result in extension of the wrist. ...

URI

Upper respiratory tract infections (URI or URTI) are the illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx. This commonly includes: tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and the common cold.   The upper respiratory tract includes the sinuses, ...

UTI

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection involving the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra.   These are the structures that urine passes through before being eliminated from the body.   The kidneys are a pair of small organs that lie on either side of the spine at about waist level. They have several important ...

Varicose Veins

Veins are blood vessels that return deoxygenated blood from the outer parts of the body back to the heart and lungs. When veins become abnormally thick, full of twists and turns, or enlarged, they are called varicose veins.   Generally, the veins in the legs and thighs have a tendency to become varicosed. The thickened, ...

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