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What problems a cyst of the liver may cause?

13 Aug 2012, 10:32
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A cyst of the liver is a hollow formation in the liver which is filled with fluid. According to reports, every 20th resident of Eastern Europe have such a disease. Women aged 35-55 years are the most susceptible to the formation of cysts in the liver. There may be few entities, which may be scattered throughout the liver.

 

There are two types of cysts - false and true. The first one is formed as a result of surgery or traumas. In such cases, the cyst wall is altered liver tissue. The second type of cysts includes those which are formed from the bile ducts between the liver. The wall of the cyst paved with epithelial layer. In addition, there are echinococcal cysts ― a consequence of the defeat of body parasites.

liver cyst

 

Sparse diet for gastritis

 

The reasons for the development of hepatic cysts may be mechanical damage (injury), parasitic lesions, disturbances in the development of liver and bile ducts. When the formation is small sized or their number is small, the patient does not feel any discomfort.

 

If the size or number of cysts grows, it might cause the following complications:

  • Rupture of the cyst with subsequent leakage of its contents into the abdominal cavity;
  • Bleeding in the cyst cavity, and its further rapture;
  • Bleeding in the abdominal cavity as a result of cyst rupture;
  • Suppuration of the cyst with subsequent intoxication of the organism;
  • Echinococcal cyst ― the spread of parasites from the blood and bile in the case of rupture of the cyst.

liver cyst removing surgery

 

Diagnosis

 

Usually, liver cysts detected by chance during an ultrasound. Therefore, ultrasound is by far the best option for diagnosis. In some cases, you can rely on the use of magnetic resonance or computed tomography.

 

The main methods of treatment of liver cysts:

  • Removal of the lesion;
  • Deflation of cyst along with its shell;
  • Opening and cleaning of the cyst cavity with subsequent treatment of the affected area with a special solution;
  • Excision of the cyst wall;
  • Laparoscopic treatment (with the use of modern technology).

If the size of cysts is less than 3 cm, annual passage of ultrasound to monitor the situation would be enough.

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